When it comes to decision-making, the vast majority are guided by individual inclination. Most people are reclusive by nature. They would rather not get impeded by including others if they can avoid it. Others are synergistic by nature and lean towards exchange and agreement in decision-making.
You have to be inclusive to be effective!
There are four decision-making styles for how to include others in decisions.
1. Independent: You acquire the data you need – available from others - and settle on the choice all alone.
(+) Takes less time.
(-) Greater risk of spending time later fixing problems.
2. Consultative: You approach others for their thoughts and suppositions (either independently or as a group), yet you settle on the choice.
(+) Likely to get helpful information and viewpoints you have not considered.
(-) If the people you consult with are invested in their position, they might be upset if you don’t take their advice.
3. Group: You convey the question to a group, and through a group exchange a choice is achieved that everybody supports.
(+) You make smarter decisions when more viewpoints are considered. And implementation goes faster and smoother because the decision is understood and supported by all
(-) Takes more time.
4. Delegating: You pass the decision making authority to an individual or a group. You are not included in the basic leadership process and consent to bolster whatever choice is made. Others are included all things considered.
(+) Takes some time to set up properly, but then takes very little time.
(-) You need to let go, so it’s important to have confidence in the person or group you are delegating to.
How do you decide which style to go with?
- How much will the choice effect the group? Consultative; Group.
- How much will the choice effect the general population who must execute it? Group, then Consultative.
- Do you have all the data you need to settle on a decent choice? Independent.
- What is the group's phase of improvement? Group.
- Is there compatibility between the objectives of the group (or individual) and the decision maker? If no Abstain from Delegating.
Do let people know what style you’re going with! (Stoner, 2016)
The involvement of people in a decision-making or problem-solving process that may interest or affect them is known as public participation. Including people in general can make decision-making less demanding. Including general society has useful, philosophical and moral advantages, which are:
1. It meets directions and prerequisites.
2. It clings to law based standards.
3. It can make more substantive decisions and results.
4. It can distinguish issues that can and ought to be tackled.
5. It can upgrade future problem-solving capability.
"I believe that decisions made through community-based processes are more durable and last longer if there is real citizen buy-in at the front end. If you can get people engaged in what the problem was in the beginning rather than coming with solutions, that's even better because they get involved in a community. And once they have this skill they can transfer it to other issues. It brings out their creativity." (League of Minnesota Staff Member)
Therefore, connecting with general society and drawing in the general population has numerous advantages and is justified regardless of the skepticism of government, group gatherings and associations who work for the benefit of all. (Why should decision-makers involve others? : Tip Sheets : Civic Engagement : University of Minnesota Extension)
Frith, C. D., & Singer, T. (2008). The role of social cognition in decision making. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B | Biological Sciences , 363 (1511).
Greig, R. (n.d.). Making Participation in Decision Making More Than Just Words. Retrieved June 7, 2017, from Rob Greig Presentation.pdf: http://www.fedvol.ie/_fileupload/Sharing%20Innovative%20Learning/Decision%20Making%20Event/Rob%20Greig%20Presentation.pdf
Stark, P. B. (n.d.). 6 Reasons to Involve Employees in Decision Making | PeterBarronStark Companies. ((C) Peter Barron Stark Companies, 2014. All Rights Reserved.) Retrieved June 7, 2017, from PeterBarronStark Companies: https://www.peterstark.com/key-to-engagement/#
Stoner, J. L. (2016, June 14). The 4 Decision Styles: When to Involve Others in Decisions | Jesse Lyn Stoner. (Copyright (C) 2017 Jesse Stoner) Retrieved June 7, 2017, from Jesse Lyn Stoner: http://seapointcenter.com/when-to-involve-others-in-decisions/
Why should decision-makers involve others? : Tip Sheets : Civic Engagement : University of Minnesota Extension. (n.d.). ((C) 2017 Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved.) Retrieved June 7, 2017, from University of Minnesota Extension: https://www.extension.umn.edu/community/civic-engagement/tip-sheets/decision-makers-involve-others/
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